RomanianRo

Culture and religion

The Museum of Maramures in Sighetu Marmatiei

The museum has 202 collections, with a total of 24,740 objects, which are representative of the entire Depression of Maramures.

The sections of the Museum of Maramures are:
•  folk art and etnography, with a permanent exhibition in pavilions
•  folk architecture, exhibited in open air
•  natural sciences and history

The Merry Cemetery of Sapanta - Once the traveller gets to Sapanta, he will receive here one of the most important lessons of life as the inhabitants of this village understand it. Their ancestors considered death was a mere beginning, not a real end. This belief has been continued to this day and the Merry Cemetery is the best way to illustrate it. The people of these places meet death with joy rather than sadness; therefore each cross in this cemetery throws o quick glimpse on the life of the deceased and encloses his or her entire life in a few satirical lines.

Making fun of misfortune, that is the life philosophy of the people of Maramures.

The Monastery of Barsana - This monastery was built after 1993 on a site of an older monastery which had been destroyed 200 years ago. 10 nuns form the monastery's community, which is one of the most important nun preparatory abbeys in the whole of Transylvania.

The Monastery of Moisei - On the valley of the Black Spring, near Moisei, a monastery dedicated to Wholy Mary, Mother of Jesus, was founded in the year 1672 in the presence of the metropolitan bishop of Transylvania, Sava Brancovici. The inside of the monastery was painted in 1699. Unfortunately most of the original painting has been destroyed. Near the altar stand a number of very valuable icons. In 1911 a new church was built, as well as a building hosting 7 rooms for the monks. This church is dedicated to the Passing Away of Vigin Mary, which is celebrated each year on August 15 th 

Tanase Cocean's ceramics workshop , whose burning oven is at least 300 years old. Sacel is the oldest center of unenameled ceramics in Romania. The Ceramics Center is in a peasant home belonging to the very person who has made this craft famous over the last decades. His creations are remarkable due to the quality of the clay he uses, the thickness of the vessel walls, their sober line, as well as the fact that they are not enameled. The oven where the vessels are burnt is a Roman oven and was built over 300 years ago (8 generations of potters have used it so far). 

Vasile Susca's folk masks workshop - Few aspects of the folk art leave such a pregnant impression as the masks used during the winter holiday rituals. These are made of fur, leather, cloth, and adorned with colourful tassels, beads, little bells, ribbons. They are very expressive and are used to cheer up the spectators and complete the festive atmosphere. 

Grigore Tulean's workshop is famous for the miniature wooden objects that Grigore Tulean makes here, i.e. decorations (sculpted icons, miniature wooden traditional gates, small crosses made of cherry-tree wood, which makes these objects particularly charming), but also items used in the household (laddles, spindles, seal engravers, spoons, etc.) and toys made of wood, embroidered with the traditional motifs used in Maramures, chiefly on the Valley of the Iza river (rhombs, crosses, roses, “the wolf's tooth”, etc.). 

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